PMBOK, or “Project Management Body Of Knowledge" is an industry standard project planning model and the dominant methodology in use in North America.
PMBOK lists 42 processes spread over nine knowledge areas of integration management: Project Integration Management, Scope Management, Time Management, Cost Management, Quality Management, Human Resource Management, Communications Management, Risk Management, and Procurement Management. All 42 processes find further grouping into five categories: initiating, planning, executing, monitoring or controlling, and closing. Each process falls into one knowledge area and one group, thereby creating a matrix structure.
The processes are described in terms of
- inputs such as documents, plans, and designs
- tools and techniques used or the mechanisms applied to inputs, and
- outputs such as documents or products.
Effective project management requires implementation of all the 42 processes.