It may be difficult to write succinctly about the scope of Human Resource Management as it is rather wide and far-reaching. However, for purposes of convenience, the scope of HRM can be divided into three different segments:
Personnel – This pertains to recruitment, training, man-power planning, posting, performance appraisal, sustaining employee morale, transfers, promotion, disbursement of wages, retirement benefits etc.
Welfare – This relates to providing proper work conditions, leave, medical facilities, canteen, rest rooms, workmen safety, social security, transport, etc.
Industrial relations – This is a highly responsible and sensitive area and includes interacting with the unions, addressing grievances, disciplinary proceedings, dispute settlement, compliance with statutory requirements etc.