What Is Project Scope
Project scope includes all the work required to complete the project, excluding anything not directly related to the specific project objectives. It is an important component of the project initiation and planning process.
The project scope stems from the project proposal. The project manager draws up the scope sheet following discussions with the stakeholders to fix the specific targets or purpose of the project.
The very success of the project depends on a good project scope definition, and a good awareness of strategies and tips for managing project scope. The asset allocation, work breakdown schedule, budgeting, and profitability of the project depends on the project scope. Scope creep, or changes to the project scope, can throw the entire project off-schedule and off-target.
Here is a collection of articles that illustrates this concept in much greater detail and provides you with some examples as well as explains the need and importance of fixing project scope, and more.
- The Need for Project Control: Why Bother?
- Defining the Project Scope: Tips & Free Template
- Scope Triangle in Project Planning
- Project Scope Examples
- Project Charters vs. Scope Statements
- In Defense of the Project Scope
- Project Scope: The Process for Change
The Scope Statement
Developing the project scope is part of the project planning phase. The different stakeholders of the project such as the project manager, owners, users and others meet and finalize the project requirements, which constitute the core of the project scope.
The project manager articulates the project scope statement to clarify the problem that requires resolution, the adopted approach, project requirements and deliverables, specific milestones, controls in place, cost estimates, and more.
The work delivery schedules and other project scheduling are based on this scope statement. Scope verification, or project stakeholders approving the scope statement freezes the project scope, and any changes beyond scope verification becomes scope creep.
Here is a wide range of articles and templates on topics such as requirements gathering, work breakdown schedules, and other processes that contribute to the formulation of the project scope statement.
- Techniques Used in Business Requirements Gathering
- Writing a Scope Statement
- A Summary of PMBOK Practices - Scope Management
- Get a Free Scope of Work Template and Learn How to Use It
- Make Your Stakeholders Write the Project Scope
- A Project Scope Checklist
- What is a Work Breakdown Structure?
- WBS Scope Relationship Diagram
- Good WBS Tips for a Smoother Project Planning Process
Fixing the project scope takes place during the project initiation phase and drawing up the project scope statement occurs during the project planning phase. Project scope retains its relevance throughout the project life cycle. During the project execution phase, the project manager manages the project scope to control the project within the determined parameters and ensure that the project sticks to the stated objectives.
Scope management is the careful monitoring and control of the work necessary to complete the project. Applying the required controls, tracking budgets and resources, allocating resources, and other activities all depend on the project scope statement.
Use these in-depth and insightful articles for tips and strategies on how project managers manage the scope of the project during the project execution phase.
- How to Implement Scope & Change Control in Your Project
- Tips on Project Scope Control
- Best Practices of Project Management: Dealing with Change
- Best Methods for Tracking Project Budgets and Metrics
- Why a Change Control Process Needs to Be Managed
Scope creep refers to uncontrolled changes in the scope of a project after the requirements are finalized and the stakeholders approve the scope, which usually occurs during or after the project execution phase.
Such additions to project requirements may at times be unavoidable owing to environmental factors or business exigencies, and most project managers factor in some scope creep when finalizing the scope by keeping deliverables flexible and maintaining some buffer time.
Beyond a point, scope creep usually has an adverse impact on project implementation as it makes projects go awry and costs increase, while it also upsets schedules, timelines and deliverables.
Refer to this collection of well-researched and frequently updated articles to understand about scope creep and its implications.
- The Why and the How of Project Scope Creep
- Managing Scope Creep and Scope Changes in Project Scope Management
- Dealing with the Issues of Change in Project Management
- Responding to Environmental Change
- Scope Creep vs. Scope Discovery
- Is Scope Creep an Asset?
- Examples of Scope Creep
- Understanding Ethical Implications of Scope Creep
Regardless of whether you are a project manager, researcher, student, or just an interested individual, these articles about strategies and tips for managing project scope are sure to add to your body of knowledge on project management.
Do you have something to add? Just use the comments section to clarify doubts, seek additional information, connect with the authors, editors and other subject experts who frequent the forum, or engage in a lively debate on the topic.